Designing the Ocean Pavilion: Biomaterial Templating of Structural, Manufacturing, and Environmental Performance

2015  Mogas-Soldevila, L., Duro Royo, J., Kayser, M., Lizardo, D., Patrick, W., Sharma, S., Keating, S., Klein, J., Inamura, C., and Oxman, N., Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium, Amsterdam

ABSTRACT

Driven by novel  biomaterials  design  and  natural aqueous formation, this research offers a new structural design perspective  combining a crustacean-derived  biopolymer with robotic fabrication to shape constructs that interact with the environment utilizing graded material properties for hydration-guided  formation. We establish structural, manufacturing, and environmental design templating strategies, informing the design of the constructs and their material makeup. We present a biomaterial-driven design process resulting in a novel structural system and a custom robotic manufacturing platform designed to deposit water-based composites unveiling novel functional,  mechanical, and optical  gradients across length scales. Components are form-found through evaporation patterns informed by the geometrical arrangement of structural members and the hierarchical distribution of material  properties. Each component is designed to take shape upon contact with air and dissolve upon contact with water. We present the principles and method applied as a unique case demonstrating the material ecology design approach through additive manufacturing of lightweight, biocompatible and materially heterogeneous structures. Initial  results demonstrate a wide range of structural  behaviors that represent a  novel approach to material-informed biodegradable structure formation by design and hold great promise for the future of sustainable manufacturing. 

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Designing the Ocean Pavilion

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